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28 Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done. 29 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, 30 slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; 31 they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy. 32 Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.
Verse 28: Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done.
Furthermore… sin is not confined to sexual sin.
Did not think it worthwhile… misjudging God; devaluing God; unapproving (later would have an unproved mind… play on words in the Greek)
to recognize as genuine after examination
After examining God, seeing all He has done, is doing, and will do, we say… NOPE.
retain the knowledge of God…: discern clearly or distinctly; “full knowledge”
Cutting themselves off from an accurate understanding of the world and our place in it.
To put God out of our minds…
Pursuing the knowledge of God is a costly pursuit.
God gave them over… another example of judicial abandonment
Depraved mind… Corrupt, debased, reprobate, morally reprehensible; disqualified
Unapproved mind; undiscerning; a worthless way of thinking that does not conform to God’s own purposes and values.
do what ought not to be done… sin of commission
Also, sin of omission: not doing what you should
The next few verses outline the social problems that result from a debased mind. These are all in the context of relationships.
Psalm 81:12: “So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts to follow their own devices.”
Verse 29: They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips
This is beyond temptation, this is an indulgence in sin…
Keep in mind 1 Corinthians 10:13-“No temptation has overtaken you except what is common to mankind. And God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can endure it.”
filled with every kind… saturated, containing as much as possible.
many different forms of sin.
God’s X-ray of the human heart
It is impossible to live in deep, meaningful community if any of these are present.
[some manuscripts include fornication: It is a general word for any kind of illicit sex (anything contrary to what Godestablished in Genesis 2)]
Matthew 27:18-“For he [Pilate] knew it was out of self-interest [envy] that they had handed Jesus over to him.”
Verse 30: slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents
Verse 31: they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.
For other lists of vice’s, see: Romans 13:13; Matthew 15:19; 1 Corinthians 5:10-11, 6:9-10; 2 Corinthians 12:20-21; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 4:31, 5:3-5; Colossians 3:5, 8; 1 Timothy 1:9-10; 2 Timothy 3:2-5; 1 Peter 4:3
Verse 32: Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.
Although they know…
God’s righteous decree… authoritative rule;
that those who do such things… practice, carry on
worthy of being treated or recognized
penalty balance the crime
they not only continue to do these very things…
It is a lifestyle
but also approve… give hearty approval; applaud; find pleasure
applaud over regret…
Acts 8:1a- “And Saul approved of their killing him…”
of those who practice them.
This all happens when people abandon the true knowledge of God.
Look back at Romans 1:18… THE WRATH OF GOD! God has a very personal anger towards sin, a holy and just revulsion. Wrath is not a very popular topic… But it leads us to the GOSPEL and the deep love of God.
Galatians 6:1- “Brothers and sisters, if someone is caught in a sin, you who live by the Spirit should restore that person gently. But watch yourselves, or you also may be tempted.”
Discipline found in Matthew 18.
Recommended resources for home study of the Bible.
Books on how to study the Bible-
Bible Study Helps-
If you can afford it, I HIGHLY recommend getting Logos Bible Software (logos.com).
 See list at end of study for recommended resources.